AIDS is among about a highly contagious disease and a mass murderer. Some of us sometimes do not know for certain AIDS. Here I describe the characteristics of people infected with AIDS in the oral cavity.
AIDS is a collection of symptoms a disease characterized by the destruction of immune system so vulnerable to various infections. AIDS caused by the virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Until now cannot be known for sure from where begin AIDS outbreak. AIDS is not transmitted through casual contact, but is transmitted through sexual contact, contact with contaminated blood HIV through needle or other medical instrument contaminated with HIV.
Instead of AIDS cannot be transmitted through insect bites, drinks, or regular contact within the family, school, swimming pools, public toilets or workplace with AIDS.
Clinical symptoms of AIDS
AIDS has a broad spectrum of the clinical overview. In the early beginning there are symptoms such as flu hit. Patients feel tired a Prolonged and without reason, lymph glands neck, armpits, swollen groin for months months, appetite decreased / lost, continuous fever reaching 39 degrees Celsius or sweat on night, diarrhea, weight loss without cause, black lesions on the skin or mucous membranes heal unbiased, prolonged coughing and in the throat, easy bruising or bleeding for no reason. The symptoms this is often referred to early AIDS Related Complex (ARC). When this disease conditions increased, other violent disease grew as: pneumonia (penumocytis carinii), kandiasis oesophagus, cytomegalovirus or herpes, Kaposi’s sarcoma, a umor violent blood vessels.
Manifestations of AIDS in mouth cavity
Around 95% of AIDS patients suffer from manifestations in the head region and neck as well as according to Shiod and Pinborg 1987. Manifestations in the mouth often an early sign of HIV infesi
Infections due to virus
Infections due to herpes virus group most often found in people with AIDS and ARC. Virus infection in patients may be seen in the form of stomatis herpetiformis, herpes zoster, hairy leukoplakia, ytomegalovirus.
Infections due to bacteria
Infection because bacteria can be necrotizing gingivitis HIV and HIV periodontitis.
HIV necrotizing gingivitis
HIV necrotizing gingivitis can be found in patients with AIDS and ARC. These lesions can be hidden or sudden bleeding with time brushing teeth, pain and halitosis.
Necrotizing gingivitis is most common on the anterior gingiva. On situation, edges will appear red, swelling, or grayish yellow because of necrosis, common trap ulcrerative severe ecrotizing gingivitis and periodontal disease progressive despite good oral hygiene is maintained and lthough it has been given antibiotics.
Periodontal disease may take place progressively is an early indicator that can be found in HIV infection. Dentist should diagnose early alveolar bone destruction process The taking into account the possibility of HIV infection. This is caused mainly by the fact that a number of patients AIDS who experience rapid alveolar bone destruction.
Kaposi’s sarcoma associated with AIDS appears to be a disease more severe and usually has spread at the time of initial diagnosis.
Approximately 40% of AIDS patients with Kaposi’s sarcoma will die within approximately one year and is usually accompanied by other infections opotunistik (eg pneumocystic carinii, fungi, viruses, bacteria).
Oral manifestations of Kaposi’s sarcoma is usually an early sign of AIDS and generally (50%) were found in the mouth of homosexual men. Kaposi’s sarcoma on the mouth usually seen at first as the macula, nodules and plaques are flat or prominent, usually berbewntuk circle and red or purplish.
Other abnormalities in the mouth
Abnormalities is not known why, can arise in the form:
a. Somatic aphtosa recurrent, especially the major types.
b. Necrotic ulcer extends to fausia.
d. Parotid gland enlargement, especially children with AIDS.
e. Idiophatic thrombocytopenia purpura.
f. facial palsy
g. Addisonian mucosal hyperpigmentation
h. Submandibular lymphadenopathy.
i. melanotic hyperpigmentation
j. Healing long time wounds
k. Babies born with AIDS infection can be deformed face.