|Overview Of Breast Cancer|
Overview Of Breast Cancer Disease
Breast cancer is a malignancy that starts from cells in the breast. It mainly affects women, but it is possible happen to men.
Female breast consists of glands that make breast milk (called lobules), ducts that carry milk from the tiny lobules to the nipple (called ducts), fat and tissue binding, blood vessels, and lymph nodes. Most breast cancer disease begins in the cells that line the ducts (ductal cancer), some begin in the lobules (lobular cancers), and a small portion begins on other networks.
Most breast lumps turn out to be fibrocystic changes. The term refers to the fibro and fibrocystic cyst. Fibrosis is the formation of scar tissue, while cysts are fluid-filled sacs. Fibrocystic changes can cause breast swelling and pain. Often occur before the menstrual period begins. Breasts may feel rubbery and sometimes out of clear liquid / milk from the nipple.
Types of Breast Cancer Diseases
There are many types of breast cancer disease, but some of them are very rare. Sometimes a single breast tumor can be a mix of the following types or a mixture of invasive and in situ cancer.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS):
type of breast cancer disease is the most common non-invasive. DCIS means that the cancer cells are inside the ducts and has not spread beyond the walls of the ducts into the surrounding breast tissue.
About 1 in 5 new cases of breast cancer disease is DCIS. Nearly all women with cancer at this early stage can be cured. A mammogram is often the best way for early detection of DCIS.
When DCIS is diagnosed, the pathologist usually will look for areas of cancer cells that have died, called tumor necrosis in a tissue sample. If necrosis is found, the more likely the tumor is aggressive. Comedocarsinoma term sometimes used to describe DCIS with necrosis.
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS):
Although this fact is not cancer, but LCIS is sometimes classified as a type of non-invasive breast cancer disease. Starting from the glands that produce milk, but it does not grow through the wall of the lobules.
Most cancer disease experts found LCIS alone do not become invasive cancer, but women with this condition have a higher risk to develop into invasive breast cancer disease in the same breast or different. For that reason, routine mammography is recommended.
Invasive (or infiltrating) ductal carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common breast cancer disease. Starting from the duct, through the walls of the ducts, and evolve into the fatty tissue. At this point, it may spread (metastasize) to other organs through the lymphatic system and bloodstream. About 8 of 10 invasive breast cancer diseases are of this type.
Invasive (infiltrating) lobular carcinoma (ILC): This cancer begins in the lobules. As IDC, it can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. About 1 in 10 invasive breast cancer diseases are of this type. ILC more difficult to detect by mammogram than IDC.
Types of Breast Cancer Diseases Rarely Happens
Inflamed Breast Cancer (IBC):
Types of invasive breast cancer is rare, statistics is about 1-3% of all breast cancer cases. Usually, no single lump or tumor. Instead, IBC makes skin of the breast look red and feel warm. It also makes the skin of the breast looks thick and wrinkled, like an orange peel. Doctors usually discover that these changes are not caused by inflammation / inflammation or infection, but because cancer cells block the lymph vessels already in the skin. Affected breast is usually bigger, chewy, soft or scratchy. In the early stages, this type of cancer is sometimes incorrectly interpreted as a breast infection (mastitis) and treated with antibiotics. If not improved, a doctor may recommend a biopsy. Because no lumps, are typically not detected when a mammogram. This type of cancer tends to spread and it looks worse than the type or ILC IBC.
Paget’s disease of the nipple: This type of breast cancer disease begins in the ducts and spreads to the skin of the nipple and then to the areola (the dark circle around the nipple). This type is rare (only about 1% of all breast cancer cases). The sign is the nipple and areola skin cracked, scaly, and red, with the bleeding area. Patients usually notice any areas such as burning or itching.
Paget’s disease is often associated with DCIS, or more frequently IDC. Treatment often requires a mastectomy. If DCIS is found only (no invasive cancer), when the breast is removed, recovery expectations very well.